( Kachina - Katsinas - Ka'tsina - Qa'tsina )
Excerpt from: *The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Tribes - A Comprehensive Study of Tribes from the Abitibi to the Zuni - By: Bill Yenne
The focus of Hopi cultural and religious activity was the Kachina ceremony. The Kachinas were spirits associated with the annual cycle of birth, death and rebirth. They lived underground from October through April and moved along the people the rest of the year. During the Kachina ceremony, which was a coming-of-age ritual for all Hopi children, Hopi men dressed in elaborate masks and costumes to impersonate a specific Kachina.
Dolls were also used to represent Kachinas, and today Kachina Dolls, ( both antique and contemporary ), are among the most valued of American Indian Artifacts.
All of the Hopi men belonged to a Kachina cult, and some cities had as many as six cults, each with it's own Kiva, or church.
Zuni society is organized through kinship and includes a complex religious system centring on spirit-beings called kachinas (katsinas). - Britannica Concise Encyclopedia Zuni religion centers on kachina gods and dances, a tradition found among many of the pueblos in the Southwest. - Answers.com
Below are some examples of Kachina Translations - any corrections or additions are welcome and appreciated!
Hummingbird: The hummingbird Kachina is a brilliant impersonator during winter and spring dances. He may also appear as a runner because he moves fast enough to catch an individual and whip with him his long decorative staff.
Spotted Corn Kachina: Corn is one of the main sources of food for the Indian people. This Kachina aids in the pollination.
Lizard: This valuable fighting Kachina is viewed as an advisor in uniting sweethearts. Good for Marriage.
Great Horn Owl: The Great Horn Owl is best known for war on the clowns. The Great Horn Owl will use his yucca whips to make them behave.
Kokopelli: He is known as the hunched back flute player who plays his flute to bring rain and also to attract women. The Kokopelli is a fertility God who seduces.
Rainbow Kachina: The extremely colorful Kachina stands for peace and harmony between tribes.
Snow Kachina: This Kachina is responsible for bringing cold weather and snow essential for growth of crops.
Ram Kachina: This game animal is said to have the power to cure the ill and bring rain.
Antelope: This Kachina also aids in bringing rain, making grass grow, and to ensure there is plenty food for the future.
Broadface: Often called the angry Kachina, he carries Yucca Whips sometimes used to enforce community cleaning.
Deer Kachina: The Deer Kachina is much like all game animals and dances to bring more of his kind. The staff that is held in both hands represents the front legs of the Deer.
Ogre: The most common Kachina is the White Ogre which represents good. The Black Ogre is used to threaten small children when they misbehave. He is called "Boogie Man."
Warrior: The warrior is a very important War Kachina and acts as a policeman to secure the village.
Butterfly: Named for the beautiful butterflies who flutter around landing on flowers and herbs to direct the medicine man to ingredients that can be used in medicine.
Roadrunner: The dancers also protects homes by warding off witchcraft.
Eagle Dancer: The Eagle Kachina represents strength, power, and is ruler of the sky and messenger to the heavens. This sacred and magnificent Kachina is the protector of all.
White Buffalo Warrior ( Pictured Above ): He represents the spirit of the White Buffalo which is a rare animal and one that is considered very sacred, this brings hope to the tribes. Also brings good luck.
White Cloud: The White Cloud represents the beauty of the clouds in the sky and brings moisture to crops.
Red Tail Hawk: This mystical Kachina is rarely seen but serves many important purposes to insure a complete ceremony.
Mudhead: The Mudhead acts as a clown amusing the audience that crowd to see this well-known and popular Kachina.
Crow Mother: The Crow Mother is the mother of all Kachinas. She guides and protects all, watches over children as they play, and sends prayers by carrying corn in her basket.
Paralyzed: Legends has it, that while he was paralyzed, he was carried by a friend who was blind. Together they were able to hunt, travel, and accomplish many tasks.
Hototo: This Kachina is responsible for preparing food, and is one of the most important war Kachinas.
Kneeling Buffalo Warrior and Wolf Warrior: These hunting Kachina are not dancers but are responsible for an adequate food supply for the winter.
Hoop Dancer: The Hoop Dancer amuses his audience and Kachinas with his magical circular, which represent the cycle of life.
Bear: This great and powerful leader possesses spiritual strength used to protect and cure the sick. Symbolizes power, strength, courage, wisdom, and healing.
Sunface: The Sunface Kachina represent the spirit of the Sun. This leader of ceremonies brings warmth, shelter for the old, a bright future, and playfulness for the young. Also brings good luck, and happiness.
Wolf: As hunter, the Wolf Kachina navigate the Earth, The Star, and the Sea. They use great knowledge to find and capture game.
Chasing Star: Also known as the Planet Kachina, this unique doll represents the spirit of the stars and planets.
Corn Maiden: This Kachina is the most common female impersonation. She is said to purify the women who grind corn for ceremonies and other purposes.
Badger: The Badger is known for his wisdom and ability to cure the sick through prayers.
Hemis: He is very graceful, rhythmic and represents happiness brought from a successful harvest.
Buffalo Dancer: This Kachina is very well-known and is the most powerful. He can kill any evil thoughts and is a great spiritual protector.
Owl Kachina: This Kachina symbolizes intelligence, wisdom and a good hunt.
The above information was obtained from and credited to:
YELLOWHORSE TRADING POST
John & Barbara Yellowhorse
I-40 EXIT 359
LUPTON, ARIZONA 86508